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Also ‑haemia. In US ‑emia and ‑hemia.

A substance present in the blood, especially in excess.

Modern Latin, from Greek ‑aimia, from haima, blood.

A substantial number of such terms exist, mostly from medicine, though a few relate to veterinary ailments. Forms in ‑haemia appear after a stem that ends in p, t, or k, but are rare. Most words in ‑aemia can have associated adjectives in ‑aemic that describe the condition or a person exhibiting it (anaemic, leukaemic).

Examples of words in -aemia
Word origins are from Greek unless otherwise stated.


a deficiency of red blood cells or haemoglobin in the blood

a‑, without


the presence of bacteria in the blood

English bacterium


mostly in veterinary medicine, blood poisoning caused by an enterotoxin

English enterotoxin


the presence of glucose in the blood

glukus, sweet


an excess of glucose in the bloodstream, often associated with diabetes mellitus

huper, over or beyond, plus glycaemia


deficiency of glucose in the bloodstream

hupo, under, plus glycaemia


an inadequate blood supply to an organ or part of the body, especially the heart muscles

iskhein, keep back


a malignant progressive disease in which the bone marrow and other blood-forming organs produce increased numbers of immature or abnormal leucocytes

leukos, white


blood poisoning, especially that caused by bacteria or their toxins

sēptikos, septic


blood poisoning by toxins from a local bacterial infection

toxikon, poison


a raised level in the blood of urea and other nitrogenous waste compounds

ouron, urine


the presence of viruses in the blood

English virus

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