Go to 'thermo-' entry Go to 'dino-' entry Go to 'chondro-' entry Go to 'aero-' entry Go to '-logy' entry Go to 'thaumato-' entry Go to 'nano-' entry Go to '-sophy' entry Go to 'bucco-' entry Go to '-ism' entry Go to '-lysis' entry Go to 'galacto-' entry Go to '-anthropy' entry Go to 'pneumo-' entry Go to '-ploitation' entry Go to '-lithic' entry Go to '-sepalous' entry Go to 'onco-' entry Go to '-parous' entry Go to 'dermato-' entry Go to 'multi-' entry Go to 'dodeca-' entry Go to '-zoon' entry Go to 'vermi-' entry Go to 'crystallo-' entry Go to 'biblio-' entry Go to 'eco-' entry Go to 'juxta-' entry Go to 'facio-' entry
Affixes: the building blocks of English
Affixes: the building blocks of English

under-

Below.

[Old English under-.]

Some terms refer to something being placed—literally or figuratively—underneath something else: underclothes, undercover, undergrowth, underpass. The sense of lower position can figuratively refer to someone in a subordinate role: undersecretary, understudy, undersheriff. Some have lost a direct link to position: understand, undertake.

A related and common sense is of something that is insufficient or incomplete: to underachieve is to do less well than expected; a firm that is undercapitalized has insufficient funds to achieve its desired results; a person who is undernourished lacks enough food for good health; an area that is underpopulated has an insufficient or very small population.

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