Go to 'thermo-' entry Go to 'dino-' entry Go to 'chondro-' entry Go to 'aero-' entry Go to '-logy' entry Go to 'thaumato-' entry Go to 'nano-' entry Go to '-sophy' entry Go to 'bucco-' entry Go to '-ism' entry Go to '-lysis' entry Go to 'galacto-' entry Go to '-anthropy' entry Go to 'pneumo-' entry Go to '-ploitation' entry Go to '-lithic' entry Go to '-sepalous' entry Go to 'onco-' entry Go to '-parous' entry Go to 'dermato-' entry Go to 'multi-' entry Go to 'dodeca-' entry Go to '-zoon' entry Go to 'vermi-' entry Go to 'crystallo-' entry Go to 'biblio-' entry Go to 'eco-' entry Go to 'juxta-' entry Go to 'facio-' entry
Affixes: the building blocks of English
Affixes: the building blocks of English

-some3 Also -somal.

A part of a body, especially a cell.

[Greek sōma, body.]

Examples include chromosome, liposome, and ribosome. For details and more examples, Related adjectives are usually formed in -somal: chromosomal, ribosomal.

Examples of words in -some3
All word origins are from Greek unless otherwise stated.

autosome any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome autos, self
centrosome an organelle near the nucleus of a cell which contains the centrioles English centre
chromosome thread-like structures in the nucleus of cells that carry genetic information khrōma, colour, because the threads can be stained with dyes for easier viewing under a microscope
liposome a minute spherical sac of fat molecules enclosing a water droplet, especially one formed artificially to carry drugs or other substances into the tissues lipos, fat
lysosome a structure in some cells containing enzymes enclosed in a membrane that degrades waste material lusis, loosening
nucleosome a structural unit of a chromosome in a cell nucleus English nucleus
phagosome a structure in the cytoplasm of a cell that has enclosed an invading cell or particle prior to destruction by lysosomes phago-, eating
ribosome a minute particle consisting of RNA and associated proteins found in large numbers in the cytoplasm of living cells English ribose
schistosome a parasitic flatworm which needs two hosts to complete its life cycle skhistos, divided
trypanosome a single-celled parasitic protozoan with a trailing flagellum, infesting the blood trupanon, borer

Visit Michael Quinion’s World Wide Words site for 2000+ articles on English!

Copyright © Michael Quinion 2008–. All rights reserved. Page last updated 23 September 2008.
Your comments and suggestions on the site are very welcome.