-ptera Also -pteran and -pterous.
[Greek pteron, wing.]
This ending forms systematic names for groups of animals with wings, mainly the insects but also the bats, of which some examples are in the list below. Forms in -pteran are either adjectives relating to the group or names for members of it (coleopteran, dipteran); other adjectives are formed in -pterous (heteropterous, orthopterous).
Examples of words in -ptera
All word origins are from Greek.
|Chiroptera||the bats||kheir, hand|
|Coleoptera||the beetles||koleos, sheath|
|Diptera||the two-winged or true flies||di-, two|
|Ephemeroptera||the mayflies||ephēmeros, lasting only a day|
|Hemiptera||the true bugs, including aphids, cicadas, and leafhoppers||hemi-, half, because of their forewing structure|
|Heteroptera||a group of true bugs comprising those in which the forewings are non-uniform||heteros, other|
|Homoptera||a group of true bugs comprising those in which the forewings are uniform in texture, such as aphids, whitefly, scale insects, and cicadas||homos, same|
|Hymenoptera||a large order of insects that includes the bees, wasps, ants, and sawflies, with four transparent wings||humēn, membrane|
|Isoptera||the termites||isos, equal, because members have four large equal wings|
|Lepidoptera||the butterflies and moths, which have wings covered in scales||lepis, lepid-, scale|
|Neuroptera||the lacewings, alderflies, snake flies, and ant lions, which have four finely veined membranous wings||neuron, veined|
|Orthoptera||the grasshoppers, crickets, and their relatives, which have straight and narrow forewings||orthos, straight|