-pathy Also -path, -pathic, and -pathist.
Disease or disorder; treatment of disease.
[Greek patheia, suffering, feeling.]
Several common terms in -pathy have been imported entire from Greek and relate to feelings: antipathy, apathy, empathy, sympathy. Apart from these, the ending frequently indicates a disease or disorder (cardiopathy, psychopathy) or a method of treating a disorder (homeopathy, osteopathy). For more details and examples, see the table below.
Terms that refer to systems of treatment can have agent nouns in -path for a practitioner (naturopath, osteopath); less commonly, terms in -pathy for disorders have nouns in -path for a sufferer from the condition (psychopath, sociopath, though the former in common usage refers to a sufferer from a chronic mental disorder with abnormal or violent social behaviour). Rarely, terms for therapists are formed in -pathist (homeopathist, hydropathist).
Adjectives are formed in -pathic: apathetic, hydropathic, myopathic, sympathetic.
Examples of words in -pathy
All word sources are from Greek unless otherwise stated.
|adenopathy||enlargement or disease of any gland||adēn, gland|
|allopathy||the treatment of disease by conventional means, that is, with drugs having effects opposite to the symptoms||allos, other|
|arthropathy||disease of the joints||arthron, joint|
|cardiopathy||a disease or disorder of the heart||kardia, heart|
|enteropathy||a disease of the intestine, especially the small intestine||enteron, intestine|
|homeopathy||a system of complementary medicine in which disease is treated by minute doses of natural substances that in a healthy person would produce symptoms of disease||homoios, like|
|hydropathy||the treatment of illness through the use of water||hudōr, water|
|myelopathy||disease of the spinal cord||muelos, marrow|
|myopathy||a disease of muscle tissue||mus, mu-, mouse or muscle|
|osteopathy||a complementary medicine that treats medical disorders through the manipulation and massage of the skeleton and musculature||osteon, bone|
|psychopathy||mental illness or disorder||psukhē, breath, soul, mind|
|retinopathy||disease of the retina which results in impairment or loss of vision||Latin rete, net|
|sociopathy||a personality disorder involving extreme antisocial attitudes and behaviour||English social|
|telepathy||the supposed communication of thoughts or ideas by means other than the known senses||tēle-, far off|