Go to 'thermo-' entry Go to 'dino-' entry Go to 'chondro-' entry Go to 'aero-' entry Go to '-logy' entry Go to 'thaumato-' entry Go to 'nano-' entry Go to '-sophy' entry Go to 'bucco-' entry Go to '-ism' entry Go to '-lysis' entry Go to 'galacto-' entry Go to '-anthropy' entry Go to 'pneumo-' entry Go to '-ploitation' entry Go to '-lithic' entry Go to '-sepalous' entry Go to 'onco-' entry Go to '-parous' entry Go to 'dermato-' entry Go to 'multi-' entry Go to 'dodeca-' entry Go to '-zoon' entry Go to 'vermi-' entry Go to 'crystallo-' entry Go to 'biblio-' entry Go to 'eco-' entry Go to 'juxta-' entry Go to 'facio-' entry
Affixes: the building blocks of English
Affixes: the building blocks of English

lith(o)-

Stone.

[Greek lithos, stone.]

The lithosphere is the rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle; a lithophyte (Greek phuton, a plant) is a plant that grows on bare rock or stone.

The printing process called lithography is so called because the flat printing surface was originally a specially prepared stone; lithophane (Greek -phanēs, appearing) is a kind of ornamentation of porcelain visible when held to the light.

The form also applies to various stony materials which develop in the body, such as kidney stones or gallstones: lithiasis is their process of formation; lithotomy (Greek -tomia, cutting) is their surgical removal; lithotripsy (Greek tripsis, rubbing) is the surgical technique of breaking a stone into pieces using ultrasound shock waves.

Visit Michael Quinion’s World Wide Words site for 2000+ articles on English!

Copyright © Michael Quinion 2008–. All rights reserved. Page last updated 23 September 2008.
Your comments and suggestions on the site are very welcome.